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Integration of ethnobotany and population genetics uncovers the agrobiodiversity of date palms of Siwa Oasis (Egypt) and their importance to the evolutionary history of the species [Temporary title]

Art. submitted for publication [Siwa #2]

Muriel Gros-Balthazard, Vincent Battesti, Sarah Ivorra, Laure Paradis, Frédérique Aberlenc, Oumarou Zango, Salwa Zehdi, Souhila Moussouni, Summar Abbas Naqvi, Claire Newton, Jean-Frédéric Terral

[Siwa #2]

Integration of ethnobotany and population genetics uncovers the agrobiodiversity of date palms of Siwa Oasis (Egypt) and their importance to the evolutionary history of the species [Temporary title]
[Siwa #2]
by Muriel Gros-Balthazard* & Vincent Battesti*, Sarah Ivorra, Laure Paradis, Frederique Aberlenc, Oumarou Zango, Salwa Zehdi, Souhila Moussouni, Summar Abbas Naqvi, Claire Newton, Jean-Frederic Terral.
(Muriel Gros-Balthazard & Vincent Battesti contributed equally to this work)
BioR𝘟iv: https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.... DOI: https://doi.org/10.1101/820407
pdf: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ha...

Paper submitted for publication to Evolutionary Applications journal. Oct. 2019.

- Article in the process publication.
- This is a sort of sequel to the article Siwa #1: Date palm agrobiodiversity (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in Siwa oasis, Egypt: combining ethnography, morphometry, and genetics.
and before that, to the article Siwa #0: The agrobiodiversity of the Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in Siwa Oasis (Egypt): between what is said, written, and forgotten.

- Temporary abstract:

The ambition: to combine approaches in anthropology (ethnobotany) and genetics on the current biodiversity of the date tree in the Siwa oasis (Egypt) to infer the diffusion of the domesticated date palm.
Geographical choice: the oasis of Siwa, in the Libyan desert (today in Egypt), probably the obligatory crossing point of a diffusion from the East to the West. Observation of a bottleneck effect?

Method: sampling carried out on cultivated and uncultivated date palms (feral date palms from gardens and feral populations from abandoned oasis nearby Siwa oasis). Approximately 180 samples taken for genetic analysis (microsatellite) will refine our first results (on the structuring of diversity into “ethnovarieties” and on diffusion).

This extensive footprint of date palm agrobiodiversity (cultivated & feral) in a single oasis will allow us to insert it into the general diversity of date palms in the Old World (comparison with 12 countries of the region).
Verification of the circulation of date palms between oases, at the scale of ethnographic observation and within the general framework of a theory of its domestication (over millennia).

Work conducted jointly by Vincent Battesti (social anthropologist, CNRS, Musée de l’Homme) and Muriel Gros-Balthazard (geneticist, Center for Genomics and Systems Biology, New York University, Abu-Dhabi)

A farmer in a date palm of his garden, Siwa Oasis (Egypt), Nov. 11th, 2014, Vincent Battesti
In a garden of the the palm grove of Siwa Oasis (Egypt), Dec. 3rd, 2013, Vincent Battesti

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Dernière mise à jour de cette page le Friday 22 November 2019 à 9:51:56. //// -----> Citer cette page?
Muriel Gros-Balthazard, Vincent Battesti, Sarah Ivorra, Laure Paradis, Frédérique Aberlenc, Oumarou Zango, Salwa Zehdi, Souhila Moussouni, Summar Abbas Naqvi, Claire Newton, Jean-Frédéric Terral, "Integration of ethnobotany and population genetics uncovers the agrobiodiversity of date palms of Siwa Oasis (Egypt) and their importance to the evolutionary history of the species [Temporary title]" [en ligne], in vbat.org anthropoasis, page publiée le 28 October 2019 [visitée le 15 December 2019], disponible sur: http://vbat.org/spip.php?article793.
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