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Domestications of date palms: daily and over millennia, in the oasis of Siwa and across the Middle East and North Africa [Temporary title]

Art. in progress [Siwa #2]

Vincent Battesti, Muriel Gros-Balthazard

[Siwa #2]

Domestications of date palms: daily and over millennia, in the oasis of Siwa and across the Middle East and North Africa [Temporary title]
by Vincent Battesti*, Muriel Gros-Balthazard*, et al.
(* contributed equally to this work)

Work in progress. We think to possibly submit this paper to Current Anthropology journal. For 2018?

- Article in the process of writing.
- This is a sort of sequel to the article Siwa #1: Date palm agrobiodiversity (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in Siwa oasis, Egypt: combining ethnography, morphometry, and genetics.

- Temporary abstract:

The ambition: to combine approaches in anthropology (ethnobotany) and genetics on the current biodiversity of the date tree in the Siwa oasis (Egypt) to infer the diffusion of the domesticated date palm.
Geographical choice: the oasis of Siwa, in the Libyan desert (today in Egypt), probably the obligatory crossing point of a diffusion from the East to the West. Observation of a bottleneck effect?

Method: sampling carried out on cultivated and uncultivated date palms (feral date palms from gardens and feral populations from abandoned oasis nearby Siwa oasis). Approximately 180 samples taken for genetic analysis (microsatellite) will refine our first results (on the structuring of diversity into “ethnovarieties” and on diffusion).

This extensive footprint of date palm agrobiodiversity (cultivated & feral) in a single oasis will allow us to insert it into the general diversity of date palms in the Old World (comparison with 12 countries of the region).
Verification of the circulation of date palms between oases, at the scale of ethnographic observation and within the general framework of a theory of its domestication (over millennia).

Work conducted jointly by Vincent Battesti (social anthropologist, CNRS, Musée de l’Homme) and Muriel Gros-Balthazard (geneticist, Center for Genomics and Systems Biology, New York University, Abu-Dhabi)

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Dernière mise à jour de cette page le Wednesday 16 May 2018 à 13:14:21. //// -----> Citer cette page?
Vincent Battesti, Muriel Gros-Balthazard, "Domestications of date palms: daily and over millennia, in the oasis of Siwa and across the Middle East and North Africa [Temporary title]" [en ligne], in vbat.org anthropoasis, page publiée le 14 February 2018 [visitée le 17 June 2018], disponible sur: http://vbat.org/spip.php?article793.
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