Vincent Battesti - vbat.org/anthropoasisvbat.org
English → Researches → The Oases Siwa oasis (Egypt) →
French — siwi — Latin

Siwi botanical vocabulary

In progress.

Vincent Battesti

Beware, has to be updated! The data below are out of date…

Fieldwork: oasis of Siwa (Egypt): 2002-2006.

- I build a vocabulary in Jlan n Isiwan (Berber language of Siwa), with a priority for words related to biological material (botanical, zoological, human), technical field (and first linked to agriculture), geographical field and the spaces. This Siwi vocabulary is in progress. It presents links between words in French and in Siwi (and in Latin for the biological material).

- It contains today nearly 700 words. I offer here only a short abstract related to the “Botanical” category and especially agriculture. This lexicon is under development: it is given by way of illustration and is brought to be amended, corrected, etc (thus handle this with precautions).

Post-scriptum: The transition from my own system of transcription to a system more shared (of Berber language) is not fixed yet, so the graphes presented here are not always easily comprehensible (and especially too because I cannot render it completely on the web).

- To get an overview of the pages of this website dealing with Siwa oasis:
Oasis de Syouah / Siwa oasis / واحة سيوة.

Post-scriptum: The passage of my own transcription system to a more shared (Berber language) has not yet been fixed, making it probably difficult to understand some graphs presented here (also because I could not render the system completely on these web pages). Note especially that the final N upper case refers to a nasal “i” or an “a”.

Category English word Siwi word

sing., plur.

Latin word
Botany alga (in springs and canals) dâliN — (generic)
Botany apple tree tofaḥt, tufaḥ Malus sp. (Rosaceae)
Botany apricot tree tammèčmèčt Prunus armenica (Rosaceae)
Botany banana tree el-muz Musa x paradisiaca (Musaceaea)
Botany barley timzèn Hordeum vulgare (Poaceae)
Botany basil er-rihan Ocimum basilicum (Lamiaceae)
Botany bette čébèrdèk Beta vulgaris (Chenopodiaceae)
Botany black mulberry tût azatef Morus nigra (Moraceae)
Botany black nightshade tazréin nézida Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae)
Botany branch (and stalk of a compositae leaf) éla3od, la3wAd — (generic)
Botany branch (of tree) elfara3, léfro3a — (generic)
Botany branch without leaf (of a tree) nač(i)f okûra — (generic)
Botany broad bean awa, iwawèn Faba culgaris var. major
Botany cacti sabbâr (Cactaceae)
Botany camel thorn afsûr Alhagi graecorum Boiss. (Fabaceae) = Alhagi mannifera (Fabaceae) [idem] = Alhagi maurorum (Fabaceae) [possible name, bur wrong for Egypt]
Botany carob (tree) taɣarubt Ceratonia siliqua (Fabaceae)
Botany carrot gazâr (coll.) Daucus carota (Apiaceae)
Botany castor oil plant xarwa3 Ricinus communis (Euphorbiaceae)
Botany celery bègdûnes (coll.) Apium graveolens (Apiaceae)
Botany citrus téllémunt Citrus sp. (Rutaceae)
Botany coffee senna al 3ud n’qahwa, tîsajara n’qahwa Senna occidentalis (L.) Link. (Fabaceae) = Cassia occidentalis (Fabaceae)
Botany cogon grass, blady grass ? halifaN Imperata cylindrica (Poaceae)
Botany coriander qaSbar Coriandrum sativum (Apiaceae)
Botany cotton plant el-qoton Gossypium herbaceum L. (Malvaceae)
Botany cucumber léxiâr (coll.) Cucumis sativus (Cucurbitaceae)
Botany cucumber #2 tifukusèn ? (Cucurbitaceae)
Botany cumin yâmèn Cuminum cyminum (?) (Apicaceae)
Botany cyperus (to determine) azzumAN Cyperus sp. (laevigatus?) (Cyperaceae)
Botany date teyni Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: bract of female inflorescence aziwan. îzîwazen Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: bract of male inflorescence takrirdian. tikirdawiyèn Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: branch of female inflorescence arrobat, robotân Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: bunch (of dates) aziwan, iziwaèn Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: date (early) téni namanzu Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: date (immature) ez-ztiwi Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: date (inferior, wahsh) az-zawi / 3olefi Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: date dried fréhhi Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: female type 1 elqèq, èlqiqan Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: female type 2 tasutèt, tisutèy Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: female type 3, self-propagating učèq, učqan Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: female type 4 amènzu Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: female type 5 ṭaḍṭagṭ Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: female type 6 taɣzalt Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: female type 7 taqṭalèt, taqṭagèn Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: fibres of the female inflorescence scape tèrqamt, tèrqâm Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: fibrillum, down of the palm tree assan Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: generic adjubar, idjubaran Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: head of the palm tree ûli, ulaun Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: heart of palm agroz, grozèN Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: honey made of date rôb Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: honey made of the sap lèqbi asmar Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: leaflet tazûwèt, tizuwètin Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: male ôṭèm, ôṭṭman Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: male inflorescence asérèr Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: male inflorescence scape: old takirdian, tikirdawiyèn Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: male inflorescence scape: young arèl, irélèn Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: offshoot taɣarsèt, tiɣarsiN Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: palm aqatuč, taqatučt Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: palm (young for basketwork) tîzên (coll.) Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: palm rib eksèb, eksben Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: pollen ârrèn Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: precocious date téni namanzu Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: roots lé3arâq, li3urûq Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: sap lèqbi Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: spikelet (male) čallèt (coll.) Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: stalk of the palm tiqwart, tiqwaren Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: stipe (trunk) aɣčèb, iɣčibèn Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: thorn of the palm taddri, teddriwèn Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: wood (of palm tree) axčèb, xčbèn Phœnix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany dill čabat Anethum graveolens (Apiaceae) = Selinum anethum
Botany eucalyptus kâfur Eucalyptus sp. (Myrtaceae)
Botany fennel bagdunès Fœniculum vulgare var. vulgare (Apiaceae)
Botany fig amûtč, îmûtčan Ficus carica (Moraceae)
Botany fig tree tamitčit, imitčatèn Ficus carica (Moraceae)
Botany flower nuâr (coll.)
Botany fodder loqtob
Botany garlic tètčèrt Allium sativum (Liliaceae)
Botany giant reed, giant cane téxanèmt Arundo donax (Poaceae)
Botany gourd (fruit used to swim) tzènna, t(i)zènnawèn Cucurbita sp. (Cucurbitaceae)
Botany gourde (the plant) tzènna Lagenaria siceraria (Cucurbitaceae)
Botany grape tazrat, tézréin Vitis vinifera (Ampulidaceae)
Botany grape / bunch of grapes as(é)kun, skunén Vitis vinifera (Ampulidaceae)
Botany guava goyafa Psidium sp. (Myrtaceae)
Botany gumbo, okra bamiaN (coll.) Abelmoschus esculentus = Hibiscus esculentus (Malvaceae)
Botany henna Hénna Lawsonia alba (Lythraceae) = Lawsonia inermis (Lythraceae) = Lawsonia spinosa (Lythraceae)
Botany ipomoea (climbing) liblab Ipomea cairica (L.) Sweet. (Convolvulaceae) = Convolvulus cairicus = Convolvulus tuberculatus = Ipomea palmata = Ipomea senegalensis = Ipomea tuberculata = Ipomea vesiculosa
Botany jujube ènnèba(q) Ziziphus sativa Gaertn. (Rhamnaceae)
Botany jujube tree tennèbaqt Ziziphus sativa Gaertn. (Rhamnaceae)
Botany leaf twarqat, tiwarqa(n)
Botany lemon limun (coll.) Citrus limon ssp. (Rutaceae) = Citrus Limonium ssp. (Rutaceae)
Botany lemon grass luéza (coll.) Cymbopogon citratus (Poaceae)
Botany lemon tree (large fruits) téllémunt čufči Citrus limon ssp. (Rutaceae) = Citrus Limonium ssp. (Rutaceae)
Botany lemon tree (small fruits) téllémunt Hamot/ bènzèr Citrus limon ssp. (Rutaceae) = Citrus Limonium ssp. (Rutaceae)
Botany lentil tinifèyin (coll.) Ervum lens (Fabaceae)
Botany lentil (cooking) imilalèn (coll.) Ervum lens (Fabaceae)
Botany lettuce èl-xâs Lactuca sativa (Asteraceae)
Botany liquorice al-3araqsus Glycyrrhiza glabra (Fabaceae)
Botany loofa, luffa âsân Luffa ægyptiaca (Cucurbitaceae)
Botany lucerne, alfalfa loqṭôb Medicago sativa (Fabaceae)
Botany mint nahnah Mentha sp. (Lamiaceae)
Botany olive azummûr (coll.) Olea europea (Oleaceae)
Botany olive tree tazumurt, tizmuren Olea europea (Oleaceae)
Botany olive tree (type 1) Hamot Olea europea (Oleaceae)
Botany olive tree (type 2) botégèn Olea europea (Oleaceae)
Botany olive tree (type 3) méluqqi Olea europea (Oleaceae)
Botany olive tree (type 4) čèmlali Olea europea (Oleaceae)
Botany olive tree (type 5) malaqi Olea europea (Oleaceae)
Botany onion aféllu, iféllan Allium sativum (Liliaceae)
Botany orange limun Citrus sinensis ssp. (Rutaceae) = Citrus Aurantium ssp. (Rutaceae)
Botany orange tree (I) téllémunt busorra Citrus sinensis ssp. (Rutaceae) = Citrus Aurantium ssp. (Rutaceae)
Botany orange tree (II) téllémunt yusef efendi Citrus sinensis ssp. (Rutaceae) = Citrus Aurantium ssp. (Rutaceae)
Botany orange tree (III) téllémunt naxlu Citrus sinensis ssp. (Rutaceae) = Citrus Aurantium ssp. (Rutaceae)
Botany peas, garden peas bisîlla Pisum sativum var. vulgare (Fabaceae)
Botany peper, capsicum afèlfèla Capsicum frutescens (Solanaceae)
Botany plant al-3od, zara3at
Botany ploughmans spikenard, Marsh fleabane barnuf Pluchea dioscoridis (Asteraceae)
Botany pomegranate tree armun, armunin Punica granatum (Punicaceae)
Botany potato kôsa Solanum tuberosum (Solanaceae)
Botany prickly pear amutč n’tčam Opuntia ficus-indica (Cactaceae)
Botany pumpkin iqidiwaN (coll.) Cucurbita maxima (Cucurbitaceae)
Botany purslane maxmax (coll.) Portulaca oleracea (Portulacaceae)
Botany radish (white) lifidjil Rapahnus sativus (Brassicaceae)
Botany reed mace, bulrush aṭûmin Typha angustata (Typhaceae)
Botany rice arroz Oryza sp. (Poaceae)
Botany rocket, arugula djèrdjir Eruca sativa sp. (Brassicaceae)
Botany rosebush (local) el-wèrd Rosa sp. (Rosaceae)
Botany roselle karkadé Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae)
Botany safflower? taɣarubt Carthamus tinctorius ?
Botany salt grass takubâlt Sporobolus spicatus (Poaceae) ?
Botany samphire tagèllaN n’ilɣumaN Sarcocornia fruticosa (Chenopodiaceae)? = Salicornia fruticosa (Chenopodiaceae)
Botany seedling (olive offshoot, onion seedling…) ečtèl (coll.) — (generic)
Botany sorghum tamèzwaN (coll.) Sorghum sp. (bicolor?) (Poaceae)
Botany sow thistle tafâf Sonchus oleraceus (Asteraceae)
Botany sow thistle (maritime) aɣaram Sonchus maritimus (Asteraceae)
Botany stone (date, olive…) axram
Botany sugar cane loqsob Saccharum officinarum (Poaceae)
Botany sunflower aber čems Helianthus annuus, (Asteraceae)
Botany sweet potato batâta Ipomea batatas (Convolvulaceae)
Botany tamarisk tièt Tamarix nilotica (Tamaricaceae)
Botany tomato plant tomatêm Solanum lycopersicon (Solanaceae) = Lycopersicon esculentum (Solanaceae)
Botany tossa jute moxièt Corchorus olitorius (Tiliaceae)
Botany tree ajubâr — (generic)
Botany trunck (of fruit trees, other than date palm) 3èrk, 3eruk
Botany vegetable lixdar — (generic)
Botany vine tozardjun, tozaradjin Vitis vinifera (Ampulidaceae)
Botany vine, grape (the fruit) tozreyn (coll.) Vitis vinifera (Ampulidaceae)
Botany watermelon tamuksiN, timuksawièn Citrullus vulgaris (Cucurbitaceae)
Botany weed for fodder (to determine) ɣučênêt ? (Poaceae)
Botany weed to determine (from far, looks like tamaris) tamutriN ?
Botany wheat yerdèn Triticum sp. (Poaceae)
Botany white mulberry tût amlal Morus alba (Moraceae)
Botany wood aloḥ(a) — (generic)
Senna occidentalis
Flora de Filipinas [...] Gran edicion [...] [Atlas I].
1880-1883?, Francisco Manuel Blanco (O.S.A.)
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Dernière mise à jour de cette page le Wednesday 28 May 2014 à 18:02:21. //// -----> Citer cette page?
Vincent Battesti, "Siwi botanical vocabulary" [en ligne], in vbat.org anthropoasis, page publiée le 5 April 2005 [visitée le 26 June 2017], disponible sur: http://vbat.org/spip.php?article114.
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