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Siwi botanical vocabulary: cultivated plants in Siwa

In progress.

Vincent Battesti

<emb237Beware, has to be updated! The data below are out of date…

Fieldwork: oasis of Siwa (Egypt): 2002-2006.

- I am building a vocabulary in Jlan n Isiwan (Berber language of Siwa), with a priority for words related to biological material (botanical, zoological, human), technical field (and first linked to agriculture), geographical field and spaces. This Siwi vocabulary is in progress. It presents links between words in English and in Siwi (and in Latin for the biological material).

- It contains today nearly 700 words. I offer here only a short abstract related to the “Botanical” category and especially cultivated plants by the local agriculture. This lexicon is under development: it is given by way of illustration and is brought to be amended, corrected, etc. (thus handle this with precautions, but do not hesitate to comment).

Post-scriptum: The transition from my own system of transcription to a more shared system (of Berber language) is not fixed yet, it probably difficult to understand (also because I could not render the system completely on these web pages). Note especially that :

Category English word Siwi word

sing., plur.

Latin name
Botany alga (in springs and canals) dālã
Botany apple tree tofaḥt, tufaḥ Malus sp. (Rosaceae)
Botany apricot tree tammečmèčt Prunus armenica (Rosaceae)
Botany arugula, rocket salad žeržir Eruca sativa sp. (Brassicaceae)
Botany banana tree elmuz Musa x paradisiaca (Musaceaea)
Botany barley timzen Hordeum vulgare (Poaceae)
Botany basil eriḥān Ocimum basilicum (Lamiaceae)
Botany black mulberry tūt azatef Morus nigra (Moraceae)
Botany black nightshade tazrein nezida Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae)
Botany branch (and stalk of a compositae leaf) elaɛod, laɛwad
Botany branch (of tree) elfaraɛ, lefroɛa
Botany branch without leaf (of a tree) nač(i)f okūra
Botany broad bean awaw, iwawen Faba vulgaris var. major (Fabaceae)
Botany cacti sabbār (Cactaceae)
Botany Cairo morning glory liblab Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sweet (Convolvulaceae) = Convolvulus cairicus = Convolvulus tuberculatus = Ipomea palmata = Ipomea senegalensis = Ipomea tuberculata = Ipomea vesiculosa
Botany camel thorn afṣūr Alhagi graecorum Boiss. (Fabaceae) = Alhagi mannifera (Fabaceae) [idem] = Alhagi maurorum (Fabaceae) [possible name, bur wrong for Egypt]
Botany sugar cane loqsob Saccharum officinarum (Poaceae)
Botany carob tree taɣarubt Ceratonia siliqua (Fabaceae)
Botany carott gazār (coll.) Daucus carota (Apiaceae)
Botany castor oil xarwaɛ Ricinus communis (Euphorbiaceae)
Botany celery begdūnes (coll.) Apium graveolens (Apiaceae)
Botany chard čéberdek Beta vulgaris (Chenopodiaceae)
Botany citrus tellemunt Citrus sp. (Rutaceae)
Botany coffee senna alɛud n qahwa, tīsajara n qahwa Senna occidentalis (L.) Link. (Fabaceae) = Cassia occidentalis (Fabaceae)
Botany cogon grass, blady grass? halifã Imperata cylindrica (Poaceae)
Botany coriander qaṣbar Coriandrum sativum (Apiaceae)
Botany cotton plant tabduxt / elqoton Gossypium herbaceum L. (Malvaceae)
Botany cucumber #2 tifukusen ? (Cucurbitaceae)
Botany cucumber lexiār (coll.) Cucumis sativus (Cucurbitaceae)
Botany cumin yāmen Cuminum cyminum (?) (Apiaceae)
Botany cyperus (to be determined) azzumã Cyperus sp. (laevigatus?) (Cyperaceae)
Botany date palm (generic) ažubar, ižubaran Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (category) úšik, uškan Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type or date from taɣzalt) aɣzāl /ɣazālī [ar.] Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type or date from tasutet) ṣaɛidi /siwi [ar.] Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type) alkak /freḥi [ar.] Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type) alkak wen žemb Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type) amenzu / bašāyer [ar.] Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type) ɣrom aɣzāl Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type) ɣrom ṣaɛid Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type) ḥalu en ɣanem Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type) kaɛibī Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type) lekrawmet /karāma [ar.] Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type) taɣzalt Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type) tasutet, tisutey Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type) taṭṭagt /ṭagṭagṭ [ar.] Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type) tažubart Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type) úšik amaɣzuz Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type) úšik azzugaɣ Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type) úšik ezzuwaɣ / zaɣlul [ar.] Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type) úšik nekwayes Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm female (named type) úšik niqbel Phoenix dactylifera cv. (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm male óṭem, óṭṭman Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: bract of female inflorescence aziwan, iziwazen Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: bract of male inflorescence takrirdian, tikirdawiyen Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: branch of female inflorescence arrobat, robotān Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: bunch (of dates) aziwan, iziwaen Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: date quality: bad, inferior (waḥš) azzawi / ɛolefi Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: date quality: early teni namenzu Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: date quality: immature eztiwi Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: date teni Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: fibres of the female inflorescence scape terqamt, terqām Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: fibrillum aṣan Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: head of the palm tree ūli, ulaun Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: heart of palm tree agroz, grozen Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: honey made of date palm sap leqbi asmar Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: honey made of date rōb Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: male inflorescence scape: old takirdian, tikirdawiyen Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: male inflorescence scape: young arel, irelen Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: male inflorescence aserer Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: offshoot taɣarset, tiɣarsã Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: palm (young for basketwork) tizen (coll.) Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: palm leaflet tazūwet, tizuwetin Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: palm rib ekseb, eksben Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: palm aqatuč, taqatučt Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: pollen arren Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: root leɛarāq, liɛurūq Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: sap leqbi Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: spikelet (male) čallet (coll.) Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: stalk of the palm tiqwart, tiqwaren Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: stipe (trunk) aɣčeb, iɣčiben Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: thorn of the palm taddri, teddriwen Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany date palm: wood axčeb, xčben Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae)
Botany dill čabat Anethum graveolens (Apiaceae) = Selinum anethum
Botany eucalyptus kafur Eucalyptus sp. (Myrtaceae)
Botany fennel bagdunes Foeniculum vulgare var. vulgare (Apiaceae)
Botany fig amūč, imučan Ficus carica (Moraceae)
Botany fig tree tamičit, imičaten Ficus carica (Moraceae)
Botany flower nuār (coll.)
Botany fodder loqtob
Botany garlic tečert Allium sativum (Liliaceae)
Botany giant reed, giant cane texanemt Arundo donax (Poaceae)
Botany gourd (fruit used to swim) tzenna, t(i)zennawen Cucurbita sp. (Cucurbitaceae)
Botany gourd, calabash tzenna Lagenaria siceraria (Cucurbitaceae)
Botany grape / buch of grapes as(e)kun, skunen Vitis vinifera (Ampulidaceae)
Botany grape tazrat, tezrein Vitis vinifera (Ampulidaceae)
Botany guava goyafa Psidium sp. (Myrtaceae)
Botany gumbo, okra bamiã (coll.) Abelmoschus esculentus = Hibiscus esculentus (Malvaceae)
Botany henna ḥenna Lawsonia alba (Lythraceae) = Lawsonia inermis (Lythraceae) = Lawsonia spinosa (Lythraceae)
Botany jujube tree tennebaqt Ziziphus sativa Gaertn. (Rhamnaceae)
Botany jujube enneba(q) Ziziphus sativa Gaertn. (Rhamnaceae)
Botany leaf twarqat, tiwarqa(n)
Botany lemon grass lweza (coll.) Cymbopogon citratus (Poaceae)
Botany lemon tree (large fruits) tellemunt čufči Citrus limon ssp. (Rutaceae) = Citrus Limonium ssp. (Rutaceae)
Botany lemon tree (small fruits) tellemunt ḥamoṭ/ benzer Citrus limon ssp. (Rutaceae) = Citrus Limonium ssp. (Rutaceae)
Botany lemon limun (coll.) Citrus limon ssp. (Rutaceae) = Citrus Limonium ssp. (Rutaceae)
Botany lentil (cooking) imilalen (coll.) Ervum lens (Fabaceae)
Botany lentil tinifeyin (coll.) Ervum lens (Fabaceae)
Botany lettuce elxas Lactuca sativa (Asteraceae)
Botany liquorice alɛaraqsus Glycyrrhiza glabra (Fabaceae)
Botany loofa, luffa asān Luffa ægyptiaca (Cucurbitaceae)
Botany lucerne loqṭob Medicago sativa (Fabaceae)
Botany mint naɛnaɛ Mentha sp. (Lamiaceae)
Botany olive tree (named type) boṭṭegen Olea europea cv. (Oleaceae)
Botany olive tree (named type) čemlali Olea europea cv. (Oleaceae)
Botany olive tree (named type) ḥamoṭ Olea europea cv. (Oleaceae)
Botany olive tree (named type) malaqi Olea europea cv. (Oleaceae)
Botany olive tree (named type) meluqqi Olea europea cv. (Oleaceae)
Botany olive tree tazumurt, tizmuren Olea europea (Oleaceae)
Botany olive azummūr (coll.) Olea europea (Oleaceae)
Botany onion afellu, ifellan Allium sativum (Liliaceae)
Botany orange tree (I) tellemunt busorra Citrus sinensis ssp. (Rutaceae) = Citrus aurantium ssp. (Rutaceae)
Botany orange tree (II) tellemunt yusef efendi Citrus sinensis ssp. (Rutaceae) = Citrus Aurantium ssp. (Rutaceae)
Botany orange tree (III) tellemunt naḥlu Citrus sinensis ssp. (Rutaceae) = Citrus aurantium ssp. (Rutaceae)
Botany orange limun Citrus sinensis ssp. (Rutaceae) = Citrus aurantium ssp. (Rutaceae)
Botany peas, garden peas bisīlla Pisum sativum var. vulgare (Fabaceae)
Botany peper, capsicum afelfela Capsicum frutescens (Solanaceae)
Botany plant alɛod, zaraɛat
Botany ploughmans spikenard, Marsh fleabane barnuf Pluchea dioscoridis (Asteraceae)
Botany pomegranate tree armun, armunin Punica granatum (Punicaceae)
Botany potato kōsa Solanum tuberosum (Solanaceae)
Botany prickly pear amuč n čam Opuntia ficus-indica (Cactaceae)
Botany pumpkin iqidiwã (coll.) Cucurbita maxima (Cucurbitaceae)
Botany purslane maxmax (coll.) Portulaca oleracea (Portulacaceae)
Botany radish (blanc) lifižil Rapahnus sativus (Brassicaceae)
Botany reed mace, bulrush aṭumin Typha angustata (Typhaceae)
Botany rice arroz Oryza sp. (Poaceae)
Botany rosebush (local) elwerd Rosa sp. (Rosaceae)
Botany roselle karkade Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae)
Botany safflower? taɣarubt Carthamus tinctorius ?
Botany salt grass takubālt Sporobolus spicatus (Poaceae) ?
Botany samphire tagellã n ilɣumã Sarcocornia fruticosa (Chenopodiaceae)? = Salicornia fruticosa (Chenopodiaceae)
Botany seedling (olive offshoot, onion seedling…) ečtel (coll.)
Botany sorghum tamezwã (coll.) Sorghum sp. (bicolor?) (Poaceae)
Botany sow thistle (maritime) aɣaram Sonchus maritimus (Asteraceae)
Botany sow thistle tafāf Sonchus oleraceus (Asteraceae)
Botany stone (date, olive, etc.) aɣrom
Botany sunflower aber čems Helianthus annuus (Asteraceae)
Botany sweet potato batāta Ipomea batatas (Convolvulaceae)
Botany tamarisk tiet Tamarix nilotica (Tamaricaceae)
Botany tomato plant tomatēm Solanum lycopersicon (Solanaceae) = Lycopersicon esculentum (Solanaceae)
Botany tossa jute mloxiet Corchorus olitorius (Tiliaceae)
Botany tree ažubār
Botany trunk (of fruit trees, other than date palm) ɛerk, ɛeruk
Botany vegetables lixdar
Botany vine, grape (the fruit) tozreyn (coll.) Vitis vinifera (Ampulidaceae)
Botany vine tozaržun, tozaražin Vitis vinifera (Ampulidaceae)
Botany watermelon tamuksã, timuksawien Citrullus vulgaris (Cucurbitaceae)
Botany weed for fodder (to be determined) ɣušenet ? (Poaceae)
Botany weed to be determined (from far, looks like tamaris) tamutrã ?
Botany wheat yerden Triticum sp. (Poaceae)
Botany white mulberry tūt amlal Morus alba (Moraceae)
Botany wood aloḥ(a)
Senna occidentalis
Flora de Filipinas [...] Gran edicion [...] [Atlas I].
1880-1883?, Francisco Manuel Blanco (O.S.A.)
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Dernière mise à jour de cette page le Friday 22 September 2017 à 14:40:16. //// -----> Citer cette page?
Vincent Battesti, "Siwi botanical vocabulary: cultivated plants in Siwa" [en ligne], in vbat.org anthropoasis, page publiée le 5 April 2005 [visitée le 10 January 2018], disponible sur: http://vbat.org/spip.php?article114.
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